Mujaddid in Islam
Syyeduna Abu-Hurayrah Radi Allahu Anho narrates that Syyeduna Rasulullah Sallal lahu alaihi wa sallam said:
"Without a doubt Allah will send at the beginning of every century such a person for this Ummah who will renew and restore their religion (Deen)."
(Narrated by Imam Abu-Dawood, and Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak, Imam Bayhaqee in his Al-Ma'rifah, Imam Jalal al-Deen Suyootee in al-Jama'e al-Sagheer fi Hadith al-Basheer wal-Nazeer, Imam Bayhaqee in Al-Mudkhal and Imam Hasan bin Sufyan and Imam Bazar in their Musnads, Imam Tabranee in his al-Mu'jam al-al-Awsat, Imam Ibn 'Adee in his Kamil and Imam Abu-Na'eem in his al-Hil'ya)
In other the words, when there comes a period in which there is a shortage of knowledge and corruption in following of the Sunnah; when there is an increase in false innovations and ignorance; then Allah will send a person at the beginning or end of every century who will show the difference between Sunnah and Bid'at. He will refuse and destroy false innovations and will fear none but Allah. He will very bravely and sincerely raise the flag of Deen-e-Muhammadi (Sallal lahu alaihi wa sallam). This person is known as a "Mujaddid.”
The author of the book, "Siraj al-Munir Sharh Jame'h al-Saghir", has explained who a Mujaddid is in the following words:
"In other words, to revive the Deen is to revive those teachings of the Quran and Sunnah that are being destroyed and to give command according to the Quran and Sunnah."
Allamah Munaadi (Alaihir rahma) states:
"A Mujaddid is one who separates Sunnah from Bid'ah and one who degrades the status of the Ahle Bid'ah."
The correct meaning or concept of Tajdeed (Revival) is that one or more qualities are found in a person through which Ummat-e-Muhammadiyya benefit religiously for example teaching Islamic education, lecturing, spreading, informing about Islam and forbidding people of evil and assisting the truthful.
"A Mujaddid is recognized by the strong opinion of his contemporary noble Ulama who greatly benefit from his condition and abundant Knowledge. He will be an embodiment of both external and internal sciences of knowledge supporting and defending the Sunnah and challenging and defeating Bid'ah."
Can their be more than one Mujaddid to a century?
There can be more, and there has already been more than one Mujaddid to a Century. In the Hadith, the Arabic word that is used to explain the coming of the Mujaddid is in the singular tense, but according to the meaning, it is a plural as it has been explained in the Kitaabs of Usool-e-Fiqh. Allamah Mulla Ali bin Sultan Qaari (Alaihir rahmah) who is also said to be the Mujaddid of the 11th Century says,
"From the words, not only one single person is implied, but the implication is towards a group of people, from amongst whom each one is reforming a single type of knowledge or all types of knowledge in his city."
So, sometimes a single Mujaddid is born in a century and sometimes there are two or a group in one given century when a agreement cannot be reached on one person. There are times when an Alim is in the middle of the century who may be more knowledgeable and excellent than the Mujaddid, but he will not be classified as a Mujaddid because he did not get the early stages of the century. This is because generally when the century ends many of the great Ulama also pass away and great conflict and Fitna engulfs the Ummah. Bid'ah and religious corruption creeps into the masses that tend to deviate from the pure teachings of Islam. At this crucial period there is a great need for revival in matters of Deen. At this critical time Allah sends such an Aalim who removes all evil and religious corruption from the Ummah by publicly announcing and refusing them. He will be the best of people among the dignitaries of his time.
List of Possible Mujaddids
First Century (after the Prophets period) [August 3, 718]
Ameer al-Mu'minin Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz (682 - 720)
Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa an-Nu'man (699 - 767)
Ibn Sireen (8th century)
Second Century [August 10, 815]
Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i (767 - 820)
Imam Hasan al-Basri (642 - 728 or 737)
Imam Malik ibn Anas (715 - 796)
Imam Muhammad bin Hassan Shaibani
Third Century [August 17, 912]
Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780 - 855)
Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari.
Fourth Century [August 24, 1009]
Imam Isma'eel bin Hammaad Ja'fari
Imam Abu Jaafar bin Jareer Tibri
Imam Abu Haatim Raazi
Fifth Century [September 1, 1106]
Hudrat Ghawth al Azam Shaykh Abdul-Qadir Gilani
Imam Al-Ghazali (1058–1111)
Imam Abu Naeem Isfahani
Imam Abul Hussain Ahmad bin Muhammad Abi Bakr-il-Qaadir
Imam Hussain bin Raaghib
Sixth Century [September 9, 1203]
Hadrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti Garib Nawaz
Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Shaykh Ahamd Kabir Rifa'ee
Allamah Imam Umar Nasfi,
Imam Qaazi Fakhrud'Deen Hassan Mansoor,
Imam Abu Muhammad Hussain bin Mas'ood Fara'a
Seventh Century [September 5, 1300]
Imam Taqiyuddin As-Subki
Imam Shaykh Shahbuddeen Suharwardi
Imam Shaykh Akbar Muhi'yuddeen Muhammad ibn Arabi
Allamah Imam Abul Fadhl Jamaaluddeen Muhammad bin Afriqi Misri
Imam Abul Hassan Uz'zuddeen Ali bin Muhammad Ibn Atheer,
Eighth Century (September 23, 1397)
Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani
Imam Taaj'uddeen bin Ata'ullah Sikandari
Kwaja Nizaamuddeen Awliyah Mahboob-e-Ilahi
Imam Umar bin Mas'ood Taftazaani
Ninth Century [October 1, 1494]
Imam Hafiz Jallaluddeen Abu Bakr Abdur Rahmaan Suyuti
Imam Nooruddeen bin Ahmad Misri
Imam Muhammad bin Yusuf Karmani
Imam Shamsuddeen Abul Kheyr Muhammad bin Abdur Rahmaan Sakhawi,
Allamah Imam Sayed Shareef Ali bin Muhammad Jarmaani
Tenth Century [October 19, 1591]
Imam Shahabuddeen Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad Khatib Qistalaani
Imam Muhammad Sharbini,
Allamah Sheikh Muhammad Taahir Muhaddith
Eleventh Century [October 26, 1688]
Imam-e-Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi
Sultaanul Arifeen Imam Muhammad Baahu
Imam Ali bin Sultaan Qaari
Twelfth Century [November 4, 1785]
Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abul Muzaffar Muhiyy al-Din Muhammad Aurangzaib Alamgir
Imam Abdul Ghani Naablisi
Sheikh Ahmad Mulla Jeewan
Al-Qutb Abd Allah al-Haddad
Allamah Mawlana Imam Abul Hassan Muhammad bin Abdul Haadi Sindhi,
Thirteenth Century [November 12, 1882]
Allamah Imam Ahmad bin Ismaeel Tahtaawi
Allamah Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith-e-Delhwi
Imam Abdul Ali Luckhnowi
Imam Sheikh Ahmad Saadi Maaliki
Fourteenth Century [November 21, 1979]
Shaykh al Islam wal Muslimeen, Mujaddid al-Aazam AlaHadrat Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri
1/10/2012 12:06:06 pm
what is Mujtahid?
1/12/2012 08:43:18 am
Mujtahid is a person that can interpret Islamic Law from the Quran and Ahadith.
1/20/2012 10:57:34 am
5/23/2012 09:10:39 pm
and what about sheikh abdullah al harariy???
After Mujjaded AlpiSani Rahmakumullah Hafez AlAllah -Hazrat Mohammed Mujjaded Alpha Tulut RadiAllahtaalaanhukum Rahmakumullah Hafez AlAllah has taken The Charge If The Hanefi-Shafee-Maleki & Hamulee+Fatemi Mazhab and Become Umam Of The Sunni-Sunnah Muslim Of The Universe both Eternity and Ruhani-Rewuesting Wikipidia to from Linkedin and Twitter.com+FaceBook The Developments@Mujjaded Alpha Tulut RadiAllahtaalaanhukum Rahmakumullah Hafez AlAllah Online Global Channel Worldwide.Com Acknowledgement of The Mankind in The Universe.
B H Khan
12/16/2018 06:04:47 am
Mujadid of 15th century Shezada E A'ala Hazrat Huzur Mufti E Aazam Hind Alhaj Shah Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan Qadi رضی اللہ عنہ
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